Here on the 14 September 1942 the Australians
finally held the advancing Japanese and saved Port Moresby, only 42 km
to the south. Across the intervening valley on Ioribaiwa Ridge the
Japanese rested and for the next few weeks neither side advanced.
The Australians were reinforced with fresh troops and supplies up the
2000 steps in the "golden stairs". By comparison, the Japanese
forces, starving and exhausted after months of harsh jungle fighting
were ordered to abandon Ioribaiwa and retreat back to Gona and buna on
the north coast. The Australians pursued closely but not until
Templeton's Crossing did the Japanese stop and offer major resistance.