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PLAQUE NO. 117 ... KANDASANG WAR MEMORIAL

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This Kundasang memorial garden was built and funded in the late 1950s by the people of Sabah and local expatriates, many of whom had served with the allied forces during the war. It was dedicated to those men and women of all races who gave their lives for and in Borneo during the war. The terraced construction symbolisms, each of the main nations involved in the struggle: Britain, Australia and north Borneo (Sabah). This site was selected as here, in the shadow of mount Kinabalu, many of the prisoners of war perished and, according to the local custom, the cloud enshrouded mountain harbours the souls of all those who have died.

Sandakan Prisoner of War Camp
During the Second World War, Australian and British prisoners of war were imprisoned at Sandakan by the Japanese army. The first prisoners arrived from Singapore to build a military airstrip in July 1942 and by mid 1943 over 1800 Australians and 750 British were at work. Harsh living and working conditions existed. The Japanese and Formosan guards became increasingly hard and prisoner deaths increased through 1943 and 1944. The local people tried to help the defenceless prisoners, often defying the death threats of the Japanese. By 1945 the Japanese feared that the allies would invade east Borneo, consequently 1066 surviving prisoners were moved, in a series of futile marches, 265km to the west. The 290 hospitalised prisoners left behind at Sandakan all died. Over 1000 prisoners died on either the marches or at Ranau camp. Incredibly six of the starving and emaciated prisoners escaped to survive and reveal the story of this tragic episode of the war. Only these six came home from the 2500 prisoners at Sandakan.

 



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