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PLAQUE NO. 120 ... THE KOREAN WAR

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25 JUNE 1950 TO 27 JULY 1953

In June 1950, Australia was one of the first in the United Nations (U.N.) to answer the call to defend South Korea against invasion from the north.

The Australians fought in Korea on land, in the air and at sea. Australian soldiers distinguished themselves in many fierce land battles, including the long advance into the north in September 1950 and also as pat of the multinational (Commonwealth) force at the battles of Kapyong, Maryang San and along the 27th Parallel. The Royal Australian Air Force was in action for the duration of the war, providing fighters, bombers and much of the British Commonwealth Forces Aerial Supply and Evacuation. The Royal Australian Navy had nine ships serving in Korea in blockage and bombardment roles.

The by cease-fire 17,000 Australian had served in Korea, 339 were killed and 1,216 wounder. This casualty rate, considering the numbers committed and the duration of the conflict, was Australia's highest after the First World War.

The people of Korea remember that the sacrifices of the Australian's helped to retain their liberty. These memories are preserved by way of strong social, economic and educational exchanges between the two nations.

Battle of Kapyong
The battle of Kapyong was the most significant battle for the Australian Army in the Korean War. In the valley below, a combined small force of 900 Australian and 900 Canadian soldiers supported by 15 American tanks and 24 New Zealand field artillery guns halted a Chinese offensive. These 10,000 Chinese soldiers and just overwhelmed a South Korean Division 20 kilometres to the north of here. From the 23 April 1951, the Allied force withdrew strategically through the valley southwards over two days of heavy fighting. The attacking Chinese incurred such high losses they became exhausted and incapable of continuing the advance towards Seoul.

 



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