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PLAQUE NO. 28 ... KRANJI

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Part one of the text on the Kranji Plaque at Kranji Cemetery Singapore.

1941

 8 DEC.            JAPAN MADE A SURPRISE AIR ATTACK ON SINGAPORE - CONCENTRATED IN THE SOUTH AROUND KEPPEL HARBOUR AND RAFFLES PLACE, THE HEART OF THE ISLANDS BUSINESS DISTRICT. 

NEXT SPORADIC JAPANESE AERIAL ATTACKS, FAVOURITE FEW TARGETS WERE THE MILITARY AIRFIELDS, THE BRITISH WEEKS NAVAL BASE AT SEMBAWANG IN THE NORTH AND THE  KEPPEL AND TANJONG PAGAR DOCK AREAS IN THE  SOUTH.

 
1942

 JAN. LT. GEN. PERCIVAL, LEADER OF THE ALLIED FORCES, COMPLETES DEFENCE PLAN DIVIDING SINGAPORE INTO THREE BROAD FIGHTING SECTIONS - SOUTHERN, NORTHERN AND WESTERN - WITH CENTRAL RESERVE AREA CONTROLLING SUPPLIES OF FOOD, FUEL AND AMMUNITION. 

30 JAN. BRITISH RETREATED ACROSS THE CAUSEWAY INTO SINGAPORE; CAUSEWAY DESTROYED THE FOLLOWING DAY. 

31 JAN. THE BATTLE OF SINGAPORE BEGAN. 

7 FEB.            JAPANESE CAPTURED PALAU UVIN AN ISLAND OFF CHANGI. THIS FIRST INVASION WAS DESIGNED TO DIVERT ATTENTION AWAY FROM THE NORTHWEST COAST WHERE THE MAIN INVASION TOOK PLACE. 

8 FEB.            FIRST JAPANESE TROOPS WERE LANDED BY SMALL BOATS AT SARIMBUN ALONG THE NORTHWEST SHORELINE. AFTER BITTER FIGHTING AGAINST AUSTRALIAN TROOPS THEY ADVANCED INLAND TOWARDS TENGAH AIRFIELD NEAR BULIM. 

9 FEB.            JAPANESE CAPTURED AMA KENG VILLAGE AND THE TENGAH AIRFIELD NORTH OF BULIM. ALLIED AIR FORCE EVACUATED TO SUMATRA. JAPANESE NOW DOMINATE THE SKIES. IN THE EVENING NEW JAPANESE LANDINGS AGAINST AUSTRALIAN POSITIONS AROUND KRANJI.

                       
10 Feb.. Japanese occupied Kranji area and the woodlands high ground which overlooked the causeway and was the key to the northern defences.

Kranji-Jurong line, a narrow ridge serving as last natural defence line guarding northwestern approaches to Singapore city, taken over by Japanese.

11 Feb.. Bukit Timah village captured. Indian and Australian troops being pushed back. British abandoned headquarters at Sime road and retreat to underground bunker at fort canning. British naval base abandoned.

12 Feb.. British selected final defence perimeter encompassing areas in the central and southern sectors. Japanese pressed towards Singapore city on four fronts but suffered heavy losses.

13 Feb.. Japanese commander Lt. Gen. Yamashita moved headquarters to ford factory near Bukit Timah.

Bukit Chandu (Opium Hill) near Pasir Panjang village defended by Malays in an epic 48-hour stand while other defence positions collapsed.

14 Feb.. British troops heavily attacked on northern perimeter while in the south Japanese took Alexandra hospital, many hospital staff and patients massacred.

15 Feb.. British surrendered to the Japanese at ford factory resulting in 130,000 allied prisoners of war.

Aftermath

Japan's military occupation of Singapore lasted three and a half years. Following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered unconditionally on 15 august, 1945. The British forces returned to Singapore on 5 September 1945. A week later, Lord Mount batten accepted the surrender of all Japanese forces in southeast Asia at the municipal (city) hall.

 



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